Hammer types and use

Guide: Types of Common & Specialty Hammers and their Use

A hammer can be defined as a mechanical tool used to deliver sudden impacts to different objects such as driving nails, forging metals, fitting parts, and breaking apart objects. This list are some of the types of hammer and their uses.

The hammer comprises of three main components; the head that fits over the handle and used to whack things, the handle that serves as a fulcrum and held to provide more precision, and a back part that consists of a hook, claw, or pein.

A hammer dates back to 2,400,000 BC known as the stone age, when they were made of heavy stones for the purposes of breaking bone or wood.

Common Hammers

Modern-day hammers come in different sizes, shapes and structures that meet their purpose and utility, and here are different types of hammer and their uses.

Just like their name, common hammers are very common tools in any household and chances are that you have a few.

Basically, common hammers are great addition to a home workshop and having a full set makes it easier to carry out any task.

The following is a list of common hammers;

Claw Hammer

Claw Hammer

Claw hammers are the most popular hammers for general work, and probably the one that rings in most people’s mind when they think about a hammer. It comes with a wooden, steel or glass-fiber handle; may or may not have a rubber grip, and weighs between 16 to 24oz. One of its ends is flat hence used to level up things such as floorboards as well as driving nails, while the other end is a ‘V’ cut-out that draws small and long nails from objects.

The claw hammer is the most common and best hammer for everyday use. It is widely used for almost any situations that can be fix swiftly.

For more detailed information about claw hammer and its use.

Club hammer

Club hammer

Also known as lump hammer, club hammer is distinguished with a short, double-faced head, comes with a wood or resin handle and weighs 2 ½ lb hence perfect for domestic work. The hammer is used for light demolition work as well as driving steel chisels and masonry heads. Brute force is required when working with a club hammer and given that debris is likely to fly, it is recommendable to wear safety glasses and working gloves.

Sledge hammer

Sledgehammer

Sledgehammer is distinguished with a long handle and a metal double & octagonal head specially designed for to pound with great force. Weighs 7, 10 and 14 lb and it’s used for heavier jobs such as smashing up concrete, masonry, or stone, or driving stakes. When using a sledgehammer, it’s highly recommendable to wear suitable protective clothing and safety goggles.

Dead blow hammer

Dead blow hammer

This hammer is distinguished with two identical hammerhead tools designed for soft blows and minimal recoil. Interestingly, it’s the head that makes it convenient for myriads of tasks from automotive to woodworking applications where they aid fixing small dents, dislodging parts, and knocking wood together.

Other name for this hammer is the rubber hammer for the rubber surrounding the hammer.

Tack hammer

Tack hammer

Also regarded as upholstery hammer, a tack hammer is distinguished with two long heads that look like claws, and one of them is magnetized to fasten upholstery fabrics. The reason it’s called an upholstery hammer is that the magnetic end holds a tack for placement and then driven by the non-magnetized end.

Joiner’s Mallet

Joiner’s Mallet is a wood made mallet hammer. The wooden mallet decrease driving force and striking on fragile objects such as wood and other soft materials. The wooden mallet prevents and diminish dents that a metal mallet would result if used on a soft material. Also, the wooden mallet has better control due to it is lighter than metal mallet.

Welder’s Chipping Hammer

Welder’s Chipping Hammer

The chipping hammer (Also Slag Hammer) is for cutting and removing slag or excess amount of iron out when finish welding. This hammer has an interesting visual handler with a spiral iron going around and that is to minimize heat conduction. Not all welding hammer have this design as others may just have your usual anti-heat rubber or plastic.

Rubber Mallet Hammer

Rubber mallet is a tool to stamp floating mortar beds without damaging the material. The high impact black rubber head prevents marking and chipping away. Also, this hammer is used on plastic or steel tent pegs. This hammer is preferably used on woodworking projects when soft and gentle put together is needed.

Specialty hammers

Specialty hammers are rare to find and many of them are used for specific tasks and you may not find them in general-purpose hardware stores.

These types of hammers are commonly used in construction sites for the unique hammer functions for an specific task. Most of these hammers are power tools and air tools specialize for construction work.

Well, you will realize that some of them take a close resemblance of common hammers but their size, weight, and shape make the difference.

Here is a list of the most common specialty hammer types and their uses;

Brass hammer

Brass hammer

Brass hammers feature a thin, brass cylindrical double large head that works excellently in hammering steel pins into various materials without necessarily damaging the surrounding area. It can be used in different scenarios but it’s more commonly used in traditional woodwork shops as well as the automotive industry.

Brick hammer

Brick hammer

Brick hammer is also regarded as a stonemason’s hammer designed for double work as a simple chisel tool and a traditional hammer. One end of the hammer is chisel-shaped to round off the edges as well as small pieces of stones, while the other end is blunt to efficiently split stones and hard masonry.

Cross-peen hammer

Cross-peen hammer

If you have ever hit your fingers while positioning a panel pin or tacking into the wood, you probably know the importance of cross peen hammer. Basically, this hammer features a traditional hammerhead on one end and a wedge-shaped on the other. The wedge side allows you to efficiently start panel pins or tacking without necessarily injuring your fingers, while the other end allows you to finish the job.

Chasing hammer

Chasing hammer

The specialty Chasing hammer comes with a very different design for the traditional hammer, which is distinguished with a hammerhead that consists of a small rounded hammer head with round face and around pein and bulbous-ended (long rounded) handle. Traditionally, chasing hammer is used with metalwork and riveting and works excellently in shaping metal jewelry.

Drywall hammer

Drywall hammer

Drywall comes with an innovative designed distinguished with a traditional impact head on one end and the other end resembling a hatchet with a notch. Basically, the notch is used to extract nails, and hold nails in place without damaging the drywall paper. The traditional impact head is waffle-shaped to efficiently hammer in nails on drywall.

Scutch Hammer

A Scutch hammer is a specialist hammer commonly used for dressing and brushing and wiping bricks. There is two types, the comb slots on both sides and chisel bits also known as droves.  Unless you’re in the brick removing or cleaning or anything related for that matter, you will not use this highly specialized hammer.

Toolmaker’s Hammer

Toolmaker’s hammer is on the strangest looking hammer perhaps you ever seen. Another specialized hammer built two strike precisely on smaller area surface. One of the unique attributes is the magnifying glass at the middle of the hammer’s head. Both ends of this hammer’s head resembles the ball pein hammer.

Pick Hammer or Rock Hammer

This hammer goes by quite a few names. Some of the most common names are pick hammer, rock hammer, geologist’s hammer or geological hammer but all mean the same. The hammer commonly contains a pick and flat head.

This hammer is commonly used in the Geology field for multiple assignments. Commonly used to split soft rocks to determine composition, remove dirt on rock surface, remove vegetation and enlarging rock holes among many more specialize task.

Bushing Hammer

A bush hammer is commonly used to tone stone and concrete creating a rough texture. This hammer has a lot of varieties including big machine forms for larger projects. The advantages of this hammer is not only for cosmetic purposes but also helps to make concrete bong stronger and tougher.  

Body mechanic’s Hammer

This hammer is commonly used to remove dents from car panels.

Sometimes referred to as a body mechanic’s hammer, this hammer features a flat head and a long pein tipped with a conical die. It is used with a dolly (a curved type of anvil) to remove dents in car panels.Used along with a small curved anvil called a dolly to remove dents from car pan

Jackhammer

The Jackhammer is also know as a demolition hammer or air hammer in other countries like England. This tool is used to demolish hard-surface concrete and rocks. An example of common project would be roads remodeling projects or issuing new roads. Also, for making larges holes for building foundation of just about any building.

This hammer runs in a combination of electric and mechanical. Also, it is dependent on how much force is applied for its max effectiveness.

Hammer Drill

The hammer drill is a rotary hammer on large bolts. Although it does look like a regular drill, it still performing a hammer-like action where the bits it rotating while the mechanism going in and out hitting the bolt screws in.

The hammer drill is common when driving holes into concrete calls, masonry and stone. This is typical in construction activities rather by casual drilling.

Rock Climbing Hammer

This specialty hammer it is commonly used just for rock climbing as the name suggest. Other names for this hammer is wall hammer. Among all its utilities, is manly used to remove pitons or placing anchors as well as removing it.

Nail gun

nail gun use

Nail guns are one of the few that are not exactly alike your typical hammer, however it does perform almost the same actions as a common hammer. The nail gun is a power tool that pounds nail head into a surface much faster as it is machine carrying the workload for you.

Staple gun

stapler gun use

Staple guns is commonly used in fixing furniture, carpentry, general woodworking and house constructions in general. The staple gun will drive staples are a very high rate and great precision.

Staple gun is a diverse tool as it has a lot versions for different activities and tasks.

  • Electric Staple Guns
  • Battery Operated Staple Guns
  • Manual Staple Guns
  • Compressed Air Staple Guns

Hammers Used for Blacksmithing and Metalworking

Forging is simply a deformation processing of different materials such as metal through compressive stress.

The equipment used such as hammers and presses influences the forging process as they affect the rate of deformation and the temperature conditions, and determine the production rate. Therefore, the process requires forging hammers that deform the material by the use of impact strain

Here is a list of these forging hammer types and their uses.

Blacksmith’ hammer

Blacksmith’ hammer

Blacksmith’s hammer has a mind-blowing history and has been used for centuries. One end resembles a sledgehammer while the other end is slightly tapered and rounded. The hammer is an abrasive tool designed for multipurpose forging and allows a blacksmith to efficiently bend and chip away hot metal materials to make the intended product.

Blacksmith’s sledgehammer

Blacksmith’s sledgehammer

Just like any other blacksmith’s tool, Blacksmith’s sledgehammer has a rich history and is designed to shape pieces of metal like iron. This hammer features a large flat steel head with an extended hammer handle that allows you to excellently create a significant impact force on the object.

Copper and Hide hammers

Copper and Hide hammers

Copper and Hide hammers may not be well known but the fact is that they are very effective in shaping metals without necessarily penetrating the surface. The hammerhead is rawhide at one side and copper at the other which allows the metal to be shaped back into place without damage.

Blocking hammer

Blocking hammer

Blocking hammer features a cylindrical head on one side and a flat, squire head on the other. It also comes with a traditional wooden handle and very common among blacksmiths. It is very effective in shaping metal on anvil or block.

Ball peen hammer

Ball peen hammer

Ball peen hammers are used primarily by engineers and are distinguished by a rounded pein. They come with a wood, Ash or hickory handles and are available from 4oz to 2 lb and 8oz to 12oz which make them suitable for general use. They are used for shaping metals, closing rivets, and rounding the edges of metal pins and fasteners.

Learn more about the Ball peen hammer and it use in great details.

Traditionally, ball peen hammers were used for a fabrication method famously known as ‘peening’, hence referred to as machinist’s hammer.

Power hammer

Power hammer

Power hammer uses compressed air to effectively manage the up and down movement of the piston planishing the materials. It is used to forge steel materials into different shapes at a high velocity.

Drop hammer

Drop hammer uses

The drop hammer is very much a like the power hammer but at large scale. This hammer is commonly used in make large holes in the ground or to bend or shape large steel structures.

Since 2,400,000 BC, hammers have really transformed and today, you will definitely get the right hammer for your task which comes with the design, angling, and structure aligned to create the desired impact force.

The most important thing is to use the right tool for the right job. As a rule of thumb, you should wear protective clothing depending on what you’re using the hammer for, after all, it’s better to be safe than sorry.

Lets us know what you think of our hammers types and their uses list.

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